Port Moller Test Fishery
To be added to the list of email recipients for all PMTF updates, send an email to PMTF@BBSRI.org. If you could, but it is not mandatory, include your affiliation to the fishery (e.g., harvesting, processing, fish buyer, shipper, industry supplier, scientist, state or federal government biologist or manager).
The Port Moller Test Fishery (PMTF) is conducted each year to help processors, fishermen, and fishery managers assess the timing, composition, and abundance of sockeye salmon returning to commercial fishing districts in Bristol Bay. Started in 1967, the project was operated and funded by ADF&G through 1986. In 1988, processors funded the program and University of Washington operated it. Since 2002 the project has been operated by BBSRI and funded by BBSRI, processors and the Bristol Bay Regional Seafood Development Association. The BBRSDA has also provided additional and key support to the second test vessel for three years and, in 2021, was key to the onboard genetics experiment. Peter Pan Seafoods has provided shore support to the project for decades. BBSRI chartered two research vessels to conduct test fishing in 2022: R/V Ocean Cat and F/V Halfmoon Bay . BBSRI manages the project, provides technicians and gear to sample fish, and prepares all analyses and reports to managers, industry, and the public.
The PMTF is approximately 150 to 200 miles southwest of the different Bristol Bay fishing districts; sockeye salmon typically take 6 to 9 days to travel this distance.
Test fishing stations that are sampled by 30 minute sets are spaced 10 nmi apart (i.e., even-numbered stations; see map). Historically, up to six stations were fished each day (stations 2-12). Since 2019, we have doubled that coverage and extend fishing as far north as station 26. Test fishing occurs from approximately June 10 through July 12-15. Stations 2-12 range from 30 to 80 nmi offshore from Port Moller, on a line stretching from Port Moller towards Cape Newenham. Station 26 is ~ 150 nmi from Port Moller.
From 2011-2019, we used a multi-panel 200-fathom gill net that consisted of four 50-fathom shackles that alternate between shackles of 5 1/8 and 4 1/2 in mesh. The resulting daily index of abundance with two mesh sizes replaced the old Index (1987-2010) that was obtained using only 5 1/8 in mesh. The old net was selective towards older, larger fish. Fish are also sampled for scales and tissue to estimate the age composition and district-specific stock composition. Up to 11 stock composition estimates are prepared, typically spanning 2-day periods of test fishing beginning around June 20. The genetics-based information allows us to begin to parse the overall Index into relative abundance of fish bound for the different fishing districts, thereby increasing the program's usefulness to fishery managers and industry.
In 2019 and 2020, using the Ocean Cat we documented a substantial fraction of the run (>50%) moving by Port Moller at the outer stations beyond the traditional areas fished since 1967. See the figure from the button on the top right of this page "Map of Stations Fished" to see the focus of the second boat. Also, see the 2019 and 2020 reports for the benefits of fishing the other half of the run found offshore of station 12.
After finding in 2019 that under certain conditions, almost all fish can move below our 60-mesh net. When this occurs we cannot index, age, or identify the stock composition of the run (the purpose of the project). Therefore, we switched in 2020 from 60 to a net of 100-mesh (5.125") and 111-mesh (4.5") panels . The deeper net set us up to avoid missing large numbers of fish running beneath the net in certain stable weather/water situations. We monitor as best we can the fraction of the catch in the bottom half of the 100-mesh net to approximate what a 60-mesh net might have caught for comparison to historical information.
In 2021, we experimented with conducting the genetic laboratory analyses on board the R/V Ocean Cat. ADF&G did lab analyses for the 2021 stock composition estimates in ADF&G's Anchorage lab to confirm accuracy of the on-board lab work. Results obtained at sea in 2021 were excellent and in 2022 the program moved to at-sea-only analyses.
The on-board genetics lab provides more timely stock composition estimates, but more importantly, eliminates the need for one of the vessels to come ashore every two days to deliver samples for shipping from the North Peninsula to Anchorage. This "courier service" to get the samples to land by one vessel requires up to 40% of its time. Not coming ashore frees up considerable vessel time, which is used to provide more and better spatial coverage of the transect. That in turn adds to the overall accuracy and precision of the PMTF information.
BBSRI distributes four types of information from the PMTF:
Daily Catch Updates
Report raw catches by panel, set duration, average fish size, weather and seastate, and the PMTF Index
Interpretations of PMTF Data and developing run
Periodic forecasts of the entire year’s run and its relative strength to various districts (every 3 to 7 days)
Stock Composition Estimates of the PMTF catches
Released by ADF&G Gene Lab up to 11 times per season
Age Composition Estimates
Released by ADF&G multiple times per season
Each series of updates are consecutively numbered and delivered by email to everyone on the BBSRI email list serve, then posted to the web page. Send an email request to PMTF@BBSRI.org to be added to the list of email recipients for all PMTF updates. There is no cost to be on the list serve and email addresses are not shared with anyone. Those on the list in 2022 are automatically be included in 2023 (no need to re-request). Although not mandatory, it is helpful if you could let us us know your affiliation with the fishery (e.g., harvesting, processing, fish buyer, shipper, supplier of gear, scientist, state or federal government biologist or manager).
Michael Link and Jordan Head manage the PMTF project and assists with distributing the daily catch updates. Dr. Scott Raborn takes the lead in producing the regular interpretations of the PMTF data. Bryan Nass provides project support across many components of the project. All can be reached via email.
Prior Annual Reports from PMTF, 2010-2022
These reports include a compilation of the in-season updates that were sent to the distribution list, including the stock and age composition updates, and describe the test-fishing sampling protocol. We also provide some performance metrics associated with the updates that were issued. File sizes range from 3-6 MB, except for 2015, 2020, and 2022, which, unfortunately, are 10, 9, and 8 MB, respectively.
PMTF annual reports:
Port Moller looking SW
Port Moller looking SSE